The battle for Iwo Jima took place from the 19th of February until the 26th of March, 1945.  Iwo Jima is a small volcanic island, only slightly more than 8 square miles is size. During WWII, it was controlled by the Japanese until the U.S. invasion, and was important to both sides because of 2 airfields on the island, a 3rd airfield was unfinished, and because of its proximity (750 miles) to mainland Japan.  The island was seen by the U.S. as a possible base of bombing operations against Japan by American B-29s.

More than 70,000 US troops, primarily Marines, took part in the 36-day battle, with about 6,800 killed. Today, 151 are still officially listed as missing.  There were originally about 22,000 Japanese soldiers on Iwo.  Only 1,023 were captured alive and over 10,000 were never recovered from caves and fortifications.  Iwo Jima was an extremely costly battle.

Navajo Native Americans learned a special spoken code, and were utilized during the combat on Iwo. They could speak to fellow tribe members about enemy activity without being decoded.  These “code Talkers” made a large contribution to the capture of Iwo Jima.  The included video is about some of the Code Talker action.


‘Enough is enough’ | Police chief says Portlanders are tired of violence, at protests and elsewhere

Jonathan Levinson / Jonathan Levinson

“Portlanders need to send a strong message that enough is enough,” said Portland Police Chief Chuck Lovell.

Police chief wants community help on violence

Volume 90%

Author: KGW Staff

Published: 9:15 AM PDT August 5, 2020

Updated: 6:37 PM PDT August 5, 2020


PORTLAND, Ore. — Portland Police Chief Chuck Lovell lamented the destruction and criminal activity happening downtown during a meeting with the media on Wednesday morning, and he said the recently defunded Gun Violence Reduction Team should come back.

Protesters have gathered in downtown Portland each night for nearly 10 weeks since the death of George Floyd, an unarmed Black man who was killed during an arrest in Minneapolis when a white police officer, Derek Chauvin, knelt on Floyd’s neck for nearly 8 minutes.

Portland’s protests and rallies against systemic racism and police brutality have mostly been peaceful, with thousands of people gathering in downtown Portland to chant, listen to speakers and call for change.

“There have been some really large peaceful protests where people have come out, listened to and given speeches, marched to different parts of the city, and that has required zero police engagement,” Lovell said.

Lovell said there’s a small group of people at the protests dedicated to destroying property and provoking a response from police. Those crowds have gathered late each night outside the Justice Center, federal courthouse, and Portland police precinct and union buildings. They’ve smashed windows, lit fires, and thrown objects at officers, including fireworks, rocks and bricks. 

Wednesday night on North Lombard Street, a spectacular scene played out around 11:15 p.m. A large pickup drove down the middle of the street while demonstrators were on either side, and the truck was pushing an empty motorcycle under its front end.

Sparks sprayed out from under the truck and lit up the area. The driver was later stopped, cooperated with police and was not arrested. It came during another night of protests focused on the police union offices in North Portland.

Police arrested three people and said the night included people breaking into the union offices and setting fires along with rocks and bricks thrown at officers trying to break up the crowd.

RELATED: Riot declared, 3 arrested after protesters break into Portland police union headquarters

“I’ve never seen a summer like this,” said Chief Lovell.

Police have arrested more than 400 people since violent demonstrations started more than two months ago.

He said the actions of those people are taking away from the larger Black Lives Matter movement, which he said is powerful and important.

“Portlanders need to send a strong message that enough is enough,” Lovell said. “This is not forwarding the goals that are going to lead to better outcomes for people of color. This movement is really powerful, but the violence has taken away from it. … This is not what Portland is about. This is not what we need in our city.”

The chief also said that directing so many officers to the downtown protests takes away from the work police need to be doing, especially as the city has seen a large increase in homicides and shootings in the past month. Police said Wednesday that there were 99 shootings in Portland last month, up from 35 in July last year.

“Redirecting officers to crowd control at protests leaves very few cars in the precincts to answer 911 calls. Sometimes just two or three cars,” Lovell said. “That’s the real issue.”

WATCH: Portland police chief Chuck Lovell speaks about protests

Lovell recently wrote an op-ed that was published in the New York Times. In the editorial, the chief touched on his concerns that weeks of unrest have drowned out voices that must be heard to make positive change.

In the op-ed, Lovell wrote that the Portland Police Bureau is a progressive agency that’s made significant changes to policies and training, and he called for an end to violence and pledged to be a leader in police reform.

“There was a need to talk about the nightly violence, but also the peaceful protests,” Lovell said when asked why he penned the op-ed. “I wanted to represent our city in a fair manner from a police chief’s point of view. I wanted to be helpful. The reputation we were starting to get nationally was kind of troubling.”

THE STORY: Portland police chief pens New York Times op-ed

Peaceful protests and community pressure led to city council defunding Portland police by $15 million in June. Funding was cut for the GVRT, which many believed was racist because it stopped more Black people than anyone else.

Chief Lovell said the narrative is wrong and that the unit was not racist.

“I disagree with that, the stops data,” he said. “The numbers are the numbers, but I think if you look at major cities that do that type of work, the numbers are similar.”

The bureau released numbers Wednesday showing July had 99 shooting incidents this year, compared to 35 for July of 2019.

Lovell said that a majority of the shooting victims in Portland are Black. In the shootings last month, Black people made up 66% of the victims.

The chief said he hopes the specialized GVRT returns,  because it worked and the community wanted it.

“The stops have gotten a lot of attention,” Chief Lovell said. “But a lot of those stops end with handshakes and conversation. And there’s a real familiarity and people miss it. We hear from a lot of people in the community saying hey we need the Gun Violence Reduction Team back. We need these officers that know our community, that know this issue of gun violence, that we really relied on to help stay safe.”

RELATED: DHS: Feds sustained 277 injuries while in Portland, including temporary blindness

Author: KGW Staff

Published: 8:48 PM PDT August 5, 2020

Updated: 5:54 AM PDT August 6, 2020

 PORTLAND, Ore — Demonstrators again gathered Wednesday night to protest police brutality and systemic racism. This is the 10th straight week protests have gone on in Portland following the killing of George Floyd.

Protesters were out in two groups Wednesday night. One gathered in downtown Portland outside the Justice Center and the other in Southeast Portland at Floyd Light City Park at Southeast 111th Avenue and Alder Street.

The group in Southeast Portland, which police said grew to a couple hundred people, marched to Portland police’s East Precinct. Around 9:30 p.m., police tweeted that “criminal activity” was occurring at the Precinct but did not specify. They asked that peaceful protesters leave.

In a press release sent out early Thursday morning, police said people in the crowd were shining green lasers and other lights at officers. Another person tried to remove the surveillance camera from the front doors of the East Precinct, police said, while others spray painted the camera and the doors of the precinct.

Journalist Garrison Davis reported that some plywood that was covering the front doors had been removed and that a board was being used as a battering ram. Police said others slammed heavy large objects, including large rocks into the glass doors of the East Precinct.

Things seemed to escalate quickly. Police declared an unlawful assembly at 9:45 p.m. At 9:50 p.m., police say people attacking the glass doors of the East Precinct cracked the doors. At 10 p.m. Portland police declared a riot. Protesters were told that they would be subject to crowd control agents if they did not leave.

Even as warnings were announced to protesters, some tried to break through a glass door at the building, Sergio Olmos reported. Police said other people in the crowd threw fireworks and other items at officers.

As police worked to disperse the crowd, around 10:10 p.m. tear gas was used. In the press release sent out by police early Thursday, police said they used tear gas and other crowd control munitions “because of life safety issues created by members in the group.”

The crowd reformed about a block away, according to independent journalists at the scene. Police said that while officers were dispersing the crowd, a truck tried to run over several officers.

Around 10:20 p.m., Garrison Davis reported that protesters threw eggs at officers and police responded by charging and tackling people in the crowd.

Near that same time, Portland police tweeted that they believed an “explosive device” had been left outside the East Precinct. They closed the area of Southeast Washington to Southeast Cherry Blossom Street on Southeast 106th Avenue. They also closed Floyd Light Middle School and the East Portland Community Center. Police said Thursday morning that the device was later found not to be an explosive.

Around 10:30 p.m., police rushed into a crowd and made an arrest, according to Sergio Olmos. Police said several people in the crowd threw “heavy rocks the size of shot puts” at police, hitting several officers. At this time, police said they took several people into custody.

At 11:20 p.m., some in the crowd threw balloons full of paint at officers.

Police continued to disperse the crowd for the next two hours, only to have the crowd regroup and return to the area of the East Precinct. By 1:30 a.m., police said most of the crowd had left the area.

Late on Tuesday night, a truck drove through a barricade and into a crowd of people in North Portland. Video showed that a bike got stuck underneath the truck as it sped away, emitting sparks. Police said nobody was hit by the truck.

Later that night, during the early morning hours of Wednesday, a riot was declared outside the Portland Police Association building in North Portland and three people were arrested after protesters broke into the union headquarters and set a fire inside the building.

READ: Riot declared, 3 arrested after protesters break into Portland police union headquarters

READ: Portland City Council votes to send police oversight measure to voters


The American Legion

National Executive Committee

Held on

Mail 2020

Voted the following Resolutions;

The electronic vote by the National Executive Committee on Res. # 5: “Vision & Mission Statement” has been concluded (a copy of the resolution is attached).  There were 59 “Yes” votes, and 1 “No” vote, with the National Commander not voting due to protocol.  Therefore the resolution is adopted. 

We will begin to make posters of the vision, mission, values and motto for dissemination to departments and posts. 

The vision, mission, and values statement will help define which topics The American Legion should issue statements about (along with the guidance from our adopted resolutions). 

The “motto” does not replace “For God And Country”; it summarizes the essence of the vision, mission and values statement. 

None of the aforementioned replaces the purposes enumerated in the Preamble to The American Legion Constitution, which are our ultimate guiding points.


Resolution P

No.: 5

Title: Vision, Mission, Values and Motto of The American Legion

Origin: Finance Commission

RESOLVED . . . . . . .That The American Legion adopt the following vision statement:

“The American Legion strengthens America by improving the lives of our veterans, the military and their families.”; and, be it further

RESOLVED . . . . . . That The American Legion adopt the following value principles:

• A VETERAN IS A VETERAN – which means The American Legion embraces all current and former members of the military and endeavors to help them transition into their communities.

• SELFLESS SERVICE – which means The American Legion celebrates all who contribute to something larger than themselves and inspires others to serve and strengthen America.

• AMERICAN VALUES AND PATRIOTISM – which means The American Legion advocates for upholding and defending the United States Constitution, equal justice and opportunity for everyone and discrimination against no one, youth education, responsible citizenship and honoring military service by observing and participating in patriotic and memorial events.

• FAMILY AND COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT – which means The American Legion meets the unique needs of local communities.

• ADVANCING THE VISION – which means The American Legion educates, mentors and leads new generations of Americans.

• HONORING THOSE WHO CAME BEFORE US – which means The American Legion pays perpetual respect for all past military sacrifices to ensure they are never forgotten by new generations.; and, be it finally

RESOLVED, . . . . . . .That The American Legion adopt the following mission statement:

“The American Legion strengthens our communities, states and nation with programs and services for our veterans, the military and their families.”;

RESOLVED, That The American Legion adopt the following motto: “Veterans Strengthening America.


2-218th Field Artillery Soldiers

2 August 2020

American Legion, Post 180

Milwaukie, Oregon

Post 180 was recently informed that approximately 390 Oregon Army National Guard soldiers  from 2nd Battalion, 218th Field Artillery will be returning to their homes in the early days of August.  The homecoming will occur in two groups on separate days, with arrival at Portland International Airport.  The soldiers are based at several armories in Portland, McMinnville and Forest Grove.

Post 180 Commander Michael Wilson has been in contact with Second Lieutenant Wynn from Forest Grove, a Project Officer with the Oregon Army National Guard.  Cmdr. Wilson offered to welcome the soldiers home with an individual voucher, inviting the holder to drop by The American Legion in Milwaukie, and receive informal “welcome home” greetings from some of the Post membership.  As part of the welcome, the Post will offer a free beer and a free “all American hot dog”, or a chili dog.  Post 180 wishes to express “thank you for your service”in a homey way to the returning men and women.

On Friday, 31 July, Lt. Wynn represented the returning Oregon Army National Guard, and met American Legion Post 180 Commander Michael Wilson.  A box of the vouchers that will be passed out to the returnees was given to Lt Wynn for his disbursement.  A photo of the meeting of the two principals is included with this post, as well as a sample of the voucher to be distributed.

Michael Wilson, Post 180 Cmdr. presents vouchers to Lt Wynn of 2 – 218 FA



A political philosophy and movement that rejects all involuntary, coercive forms of hierarchy. It radically calls for the abolition of the state which it holds to be undesirable, unnecessary, and harmful. (Wikipedia) It is a state of society without government or law and foments political and social disorder due to the absence of governmental control. Areas of Portland and Seattle are recent examples of where anarchism is getting a foothold.

Below is a statement and mailing to Posts across this nation from National Commander James W. “Bill” Oxford.

That Other Virus

By James W. “Bill” Oxford

There is a virus in America that could cause more long-term destruction than COVID-19. Just as the novel coronavirus can quickly devastate a healthy body this other virus threatens lives, neighborhoods and infrastructures. No person or place is truly safe. It can embed itself inside a peaceful protest and turn it into a nightmare of violent rioting and retribution. It turns Americans against Americans. This virus is called anarchy.

Perhaps no one should be more concerned about this virus than those who justly fight for civil rights and equality. Their cause has been hijacked. George Floyd and Breonna Taylor receive only occasional mentions on the evening news while footage of statue-toppling, tear gas and batons dominates. One network’s description of a live event will usually have the opposite perspective of another network. Division is a symptom of this virus and its cancer has reached a stage unseen since the Civil War. The patient is quickly approaching stage 4.

At our 1962 National Convention, American Legion delegates defined “Americanism” in such an eloquent manner that we still adhere to it. It stated that the essence of Americanism is class, religious and racial tolerance.  Written as if it were a vaccine against our current anarchy virus, it further states “law and order are essential to the preservation of Americanism while lawlessness and violence are distinctly un-American.”

That’s worth repeating. “Lawlessness and violence are distinctly un-American.”  Peaceful protests against racism are just, admirable and constitutionally protected. It’s ok if protests make people feel uncomfortable. A good protest is supposed to do that. But many people feel unsafe. This is what distinguishes protestors from anarchists and rioters.

Whether generated from the extreme left or the extreme right, the cracked skulls and burning buildings don’t care. They are damaged, sometimes permanently.

Instead of fighting this virus like good scientists, public officials are failing us. People are being killed while local, state and federal agencies fight over jurisdiction. Add partisan politics to the growing list of symptoms.

Most police officers are brave and honorable. Some are not and those who abuse their positions should be held accountable. In the fog of a riot, it is sometimes difficult for officers to distinguish between a peaceful protestor and a violent anarchist. Again, police officers who commit crimes should be prosecuted. Same with a brick-throwing anarchist.

Federal agents are charged with enforcing federal law and protecting federal property.  State and local law enforcement officers have parallel responsibilities in their respective areas. Mayors, governors and the federal government must work as one when it comes to public safety. Agencies at every level must collaborate.  People are dying. The enemy is not each other. It’s the violent anarchist. Unity is the cure.


James W. “Bill” Oxford is national commander of The American Legion, the nation’s largest veterans organization,

Media Contact: John Raughter,, (317) 630-1350


Coronavirus scam warning

COVID-19 Consumer Scams

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact the United States, the FCC has learned of scam text-message campaigns and robocalls that prey on virus-related fears.

COVID-19 text scams may falsely advertise a cure or offer bogus tests.

COVID-19 Text Scams

Scammers can use links in text messages to install malicious code on your phone or launch a phony webpage to collect personal, health insurance, or financial information for use in other scams. COVID-19 text message scams offer cures, warnings about the need for a test, or “special offers.” Do not click on links in texts related to the virus, and check for the most current information.

Some text scams are impersonating government agencies. The FCC has learned of a text scam claiming to be from the “FCC Financial Care Center” and offering $30,000 in COVID-19 relief. There is no FCC program to provide relief funds to consumers. The text is likely a phishing attempt to get banking or other personal information from its victims.

The Better Business Bureau is warning of a text message scam impersonating the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Recipients are told they must take a “mandatory online COVID-19 test” using a provided link.

Another government imposter text begins with “IRS COVID-19 News” and includes a link and instructions for recipients “to register/update your information in order to receive the economic impact payment regardless of your status.” The link points to a website designed to look like the IRS’s and requests identifying information, including date of birth, social security number and filing status. Ultimately, it requests a debit or credit card number to “verify your identity.”

The FCC has also learned of other bogus consumer offers with coronavirus hooks, such as a text scam offering five months of free Netflix service. If you receive a suspicious text purportedly from Netflix, the company has a webpage with instructions for what to do.

If you think you’ve been a victim of a coronavirus scam, contact law enforcement immediately.

The FCC offers the following tips to help you protect yourself from scams, including coronavirus scams:

  • Do not respond to calls or texts from unknown numbers, or any others that appear suspicious.
  • Never share your personal or financial information via email, text messages, or over the phone.
  • Be cautious if you’re being pressured to share any information or make a payment immediately.
  • Scammers often spoof phone numbers to trick you into answering or responding.  Remember that government agencies will never call you to ask for personal information or money.
  • Do not click any links in a text message. If a friend sends you a text with a suspicious link that seems out of character, call them to make sure they weren’t hacked.

Tips for Avoiding COVID-19 Scams

  • Do not respond to calls or texts from unknown numbers, or any others that appear suspicious.
  • Never share your personal or financial information via email, text messages, or over the phone.
  • Be cautious if you’re being pressured to share any information or make a payment immediately.
  • Scammers often spoof phone numbers to trick you into answering or responding.  Remember that government agencies will never call you to ask for personal information or money.
  • Do not click any links in a text message. If a friend sends you a text with a suspicious link that seems out of character, call them to make sure they weren’t hacked.
  • Always check on a charity (for example, by calling or looking at its actual website) before donating. (Learn more about charity scams.)

If you think you’ve been a victim of a coronavirus scam, contact law enforcement immediately.

For more information about scam calls and texts, visit the FCC Consumer Help Center and the FCC Scam Glossary. You can also file a complaint about such scams at


Consumer and Governmental Affairs